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Lifelong Learning
School Board Conflict of Interest
Type: School Board Policy
Section: 200 SCHOOL BOARD
Code: 205
Adopted Date: 9/23/2002
Revised Date(s): 10/09/2006, 06/10/2013
Reviewed Date(s): 10/09/2006, 06/10/2013, 11/09/2015, 10/08/2018

The purpose of this policy is to ensure observance of state statutes regarding conflict of interest and to engage in school district business activities in a fashion designed to avoid any conflict of interest or the appearance of impropriety.

It is the policy of the Moorhead School Board to contract for goods and services in conformance with statutory conflict of interest laws and do so in a manner that will avoid any conflict of interest or the appearance thereof. Accordingly, the Moorhead School Board will contract under the statutory exception provisions only when it is clearly in the best interest of the school district because of limitations which may exist on goods and services otherwise available to the school district.


A. A School Board member who is authorized to take part in any manner in making any sale, lease or contract in his or her official capacity shall not voluntarily have personal financial interest in that sale, lease, or contract or personally benefit financially.

B. In the following circumstances, however, the School Board may as an exception, by unanimous vote, contract for goods or services with a School Board member of the school district:

1. In the designation of a bank or savings association, in which a School Board member is interested, as an authorized depository for school district funds and as a source of borrowing, provided such deposited funds are protected in accordance with MN Statute Ch. 118A. Any School Board member having said interest shall disclose that interest and the interest shall be entered in the minutes of the School Board. Disclosure should be made when a bank or savings association is first designated as a depository or source of borrowing, or when such School Board member is elected, whichever is later. Disclosure serves as notice of the interest and must only be made once;

2. The designation of an official newspaper or publication of matters therein, in which the School Board member is interested when it is the only newspaper complying with statutory requirements relating to the designation or publication;

3. A contract with a cooperative association of which the School Board member is a shareholder or stockholder, but not an officer or manager;

4. A contract in which competitive bids are not required by law. A contract made under this exception will be void unless the following procedures are observed:

a. The School Board must authorize the contract in advance of its performance by adopting a resolution setting out the essential facts and determining that the contract price is as low as or lower than the price at which the goods or services could be obtained elsewhere.

b. In the case of an emergency when the contract cannot be authorized in advance, payment of the claims must be authorized by a like resolution when the facts of the emergency are also stated.

c. Before a claim is paid, the interested School Board member must file with the clerk of the School Board an affidavit stating:

(1). The name of the School Board member and the office held;
(2). An itemization of the goods or services furnished;
(3). The contract price;
(4). The reasonable value;
(5). The interest of the School Board member in the contract; and
(6). That to the best of the School Board member's knowledge and belief, the contract price is as low as, or lower than, the price at which the goods or services could be obtained from other sources.
5. A School Board member may rent space in a public facility at a rate commensurate with that paid by other members of the public.

6. In the following circumstances, the School Board may as an exception, by majority vote at a meeting where all School Board members are present, contract for services with a school board member of the school district: A School Board member may be newly employed or may continue to be employed by the school district as an employee where there is a reasonable expectation on July 1, or at the time the contract is entered into or extended, that the amount to be earned by the School Board member under that contract or employment relationship, will not exceed $8,000 in that fiscal year. If the School Board member does not receive majority approval to be initially employed or to continue in employment at a meeting where all School Board members are present, that employment must be immediately terminated and that School Board member will have no further rights to employment while serving as a School Board member in the school district.

C. The School Board may contract with a class of school district employees, such as teachers or custodians, where the spouse of a School Board member is a member of the class of employees contracting with the School Board and the employee spouse receives no special monetary or other benefit that is substantially different from the benefits that other members of the class receive under the employment contract. In order for the School Board to invoke this exception, it must have a majority of disinterested School Board members vote to approve the contract, direct the School Board member spouse to abstain from voting to approve the contract, and publicly set out the essential facts of the contract at the meeting where the contract is approved.


A. The Moorhead School Board can hire or dismiss teachers only at duly called meetings. Where a husband and wife, brother and sister, or two brothers or sisters, constitute a quorum, no contract employing a teacher may be made or authorized except upon the unanimous vote of the full School Board.

B. The School Board may not employ any teacher related by blood or marriage, within the fourth degree, computed by the civil law, to a School Board member except by a unanimous vote of the full School Board.


A Moorhead School Board member with personal financial interest in the sale, lease or contract with the school district which was entered before the School Board member took office and presents an actual or potential conflict of interest, shall immediately notify the School Board of such interest. It shall thereafter be the responsibility of the School Board member to refrain from participating in any action relating to the sale, lease, or contract. At the time of renewal of any such sale, lease, or contract, the School Board may enter into or renew such sale, lease or contract only if it falls within on the enumerated exceptions for contracts relating to goods or services provided above and if the procedures provided in this policy are followed.


The determination as to whether a conflict of interest exists is to be made by the Moorhead School Board. Any School Board member who has an actual or potential conflict shall notify the School Board of such conflict immediately. The School Board member shall thereafter cooperate with the School Board as necessary for the School Board to make its determination.

Legal References:
Minn. Stat. 122A.40, Subd. 3 (Teacher Hiring, Dismissal)
Minn. Stat. 123B.195 (Board Member's Right to Employment)
Minn. Stat. 471.87 (Public Officers: Interest in Contract; Penalty)
Minn. Stat. 471.88 Subds. 2, 3, 4, 5, 12, and 13, and 21 (Exceptions)
Minn. Stat. 471.89 (Contract, When Void)
Op. Atty. Gen. 437-A-4, March 15, 1935
Op. Atty. Gen. 90-C-5, July 30, 1940
Op. Atty. Gen. 90-A, August 14, 1957

Cross References:
Moorhead School Board Policy 201: School Board Legal Status
Moorhead School Board Policy 206: School Board Code of Ethics
MSBA Service Manual, Chapter 1, School District Governance, Powers and Duties
MSBA/MASA Model Policy 210 (Conflict of Interest - School Board Members)